Debussy, Achille-Claude


Debussy, Achille-Claude
(1862-1918)
   composer
   Born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Claude Debussy as he is known, entered the Paris Conservatoire at the age of 10, then at 16 became the private musician to Nadezdha van Meck, Pyotr Tchaikovsky's patroness. In that capacity he traveled to Venice, Florence, Vienna, and Moscow. While in Russia he became acquainted with the works of a number of Russian composers and with Russian and Romanian folk music. In 1884 Debussy won the Grand Prix de Rome for his cantata L'enfant prodigue. Studying in Rome, he then composed such works as the symphony suite Printemps and the cantata La demoiselle élue. During the 1890s his works were performed with increasing frequency, and despite their controversial (because of their innovations) nature, he gained a recognition. Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune (1894) based on the poem by Stéphane Mallarmé, and Debussy's opera Pelleas et Mélisande were produced in 1902. Regarded by some critics as a perfect union of music and drama, Pelleas earned him widespread fame. From 1902 to 1910, Debussy composed mostly for the piano, but in nontradi-tional modes. (Estampes, 1903; L'Île joyeuse, 1904; Images, 1905-07; Children's Corner, 1908). He also composed 24 Préludes in homage to Frédéric chopin (1910-13). Most of Debussy's other works include chamber music, with sonatas for violin, cello, flute, and harp. other works are the orchestral poem La Mer (1905) and songs for Cinque poèmes de Baudelaire (1889). For Sergey Diaghilev, who had asked Vaslav Nijinsky to do the choreography for Prèlude à l'après-midi d'un faune, Debussy composed another ballet, Jeux (1913). Debussy's harmonic innovations helped pave the way for the great musical change of the 20th century, and he was the first composer to exploit the whole-tone scale. The dreamlike quality of Debussy's music made some critics refer to it as musical impressionism, a term still used to describe his contemporaries.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Debussy, (Achille-) Claude — born Aug. 22, 1862, Saint Germain en Laye, France died March 25, 1918, Paris French composer. Born into near poverty, he showed an early gift for the piano. He entered the Paris Conservatoire in 1873, and soon thereafter he was employed as… …   Universalium

  • Debussy, (Achille-) Claude — (22 ago. 1862, Saint Germain en Laye, Francia–25 mar. 1918, París). Compositor francés. Nacido al borde de la pobreza, mostró un talento pianístico precoz. En 1873 ingresó en el conservatorio de París. Poco después Nadezhda von Meck, mecenas de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Debussy, (Achille-) Claude —  (1862–1918) French composer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Debussy — Claude Debussy, ca. 1908 (Foto von Nadar) Achille Claude Debussy (* 22. August 1862 in Saint Germain en Laye; † 25. März 1918 in Paris) war ein französischer Komponist des Impressio …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claude — Claude, Albert Claude, Georges * * * (as used in expressions) Aron, Raymond (Claude Ferdinand) Bernard, Claude Chabrol, Claude Claude Michel Debussy, (Achille) Claude William Claude Dukenfield Helvetius, Claude Adrien Killy, Jean Claude Ledoux,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Debussy — (Achille Claude, dit Claude) (1862 1918) compositeur français. Il créa un langage musical fondé sur l emploi de gammes exotiques (gamme pentatonique) et sur la modalité, cultivant dissonances et harmonies nouvelles: Prélude à l après midi d un… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Claude — /klawd/; Fr. /klohd/, n. 1. Albert, 1899 1983, U.S. biologist, born in Belgium: Nobel prize for medicine 1974. 2. Also, Claud. a male given name: from a Roman family name meaning lame. * * * (as used in expressions) Claude Michel Aron Raymond… …   Universalium

  • Achille — (as used in expressions) Braudel Paul Achille Fernand Debussy Achille Claude Varèse Edgard Victor Achille Charles * * * …   Universalium

  • Achille — (as used in expressions) Braudel, (Paul Achille) Fernand Debussy, (Achille) Claude Varèse, Edgard (Victor Achille Charles) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Claude Debussy — Portrait par Marcel Baschet (1884) Nom de naissance Achille Claude Debussy …   Wikipédia en Français


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